Ray Dalio is a billionaire investor and hedge fund manager, most famously known for starting Bridgewater Associates. Dalio started his career trading commodity futures on the floor of the New York Stock Exchange, before founding Bridgewater in 1975.
Bridgewater would become the world's largest hedge fund by 2005, but it had it's fair share of difficult times early on. In 1982, Dalio made a bet against the global economy, thinking a depression was on the horizon. Ray's bet never paid off, and forced him to lay off all his employees and even ask his dad for a $4,000 loan.
Dalio has credited that wake-up call with making him less arrogant, and open to the self-improvement that has enabled his success since then. Below is the list of books Ray Dalio has recommended over the years.
Arianna Huffington: “Originals is a fascinating, eye-opening read that will help you not just recognize your own unique gifts, but find the strength to challenge conventional wisdom to bring them to life.
"It’s a great book." - Kevin Systrom
Melinda Gates mentioned this book as one of her 11 favorite books.
"Fine book but it didn’t need to be an entire book." - Naval Ravikant
One of Sam Altman's answers to "What are some of the best books you recommend for a young startup founder?"